One of the key features of Django is its use of class-based views, which provide a way to organise and simplify the process of handling incoming HTTP requests and returning the appropriate response.
A class-based view in Django is simply a Python class that inherits from one of Django's built-in view classes. These classes provide a set of methods that are called in response to specific HTTP requests, such as GET, POST, and PUT. By inheriting from one of these classes, you can easily define the behaviour of your view without having to write a lot of boilerplate code.
For example, let's say you want to create a view that displays a list of all of the objects in a specific model. You would start by creating a new Python class that inherits from Django's ListView class. This class provides a method called
get() that is called when a GET request is made to the view. Inside the
get() method, you would define the queryset that should be used to retrieve the objects from the database and the template that should be used to render the response.
from django.views.generic import ListView
from myapp.models import MyModel
model = MyModel
template_name = 'myapp/mymodel_list.html'
In this example, the
model attribute tells Django to use the
MyModel class to retrieve objects from the database, and the
template_name attribute tells it to use the
myapp/mymodel_list.html template to render the response. Once you've defined your class, you would then add a URL pattern in your
urls.py file to map the view to a specific URL.
from django.urls import path
from .views import MyModelListView
urlpatterns = [
path('mymodel/', MyModelListView.as_view(), name='mymodel_list'),
This is just a simple example of what you can do with class-based views in Django. There are many other built-in view classes that you can inherit from, such as CreateView, UpdateView, and DeleteView, which provide the basic functionality you need to handle common CRUD operations. Additionally, you can also create your own custom view classes by inheriting from the base
View class and defining the appropriate methods.
In summary, class-based views in Django provide a simple and organized way to handle incoming HTTP requests and return the appropriate response. By inheriting from one of the built-in view classes, you can quickly and easily define the behaviour of your views without having to write a lot of boilerplate code.